Corona Virus Information




Matters that involve claims of more than $25,000, which include medical malpractice, auto negligence, personal injury, contracts, employment discrimination, and receiverships are heard in the Civil Division. In addition, civil matters appealed from Wayne County district courts and administrative agencies are also handled by the Civil Division Judges.

Coleman A. Young Municipal Center (CAYMC)

Updated Protocol for the Remote Operations of the Civil Division

(313) 224-5430 701 CAYMC

Coleman A. Young Municipal Center
2 Woodward Avenue, Room 701
Detroit, MI 48226

Phone: (313) 224-5430


Courtroom Clerk: Matthew Johnson
Executive Assistant: Deborah Lee
Court Reporter: Video Courtroom
Deputy: Corporal Doug Outlaw

(313) 224-5173 1707 CAYMC

2 Woodward Avenue
Room 1707
Detroit, MI 48226

Phone: (313) 224-5173. Court personnel are in the Courtroom and available by phone. If you do not reach staff by phone, please email


Courtroom Clerk: Stacey Stallworth
Law Clerk: Frances Yturri,
Court Reporter: Video Courtroom
Deputy: Reginald Gordon

Ms. Zenell B. Brown
Executive Court Administrator
(313) 224-5261 711 CAYMC

Executive Assistant:  Jeannette Heacox

Court Services Assistant:  Jalona Colvard

(313) 224-0250 907 CAYMC

907 Coleman A. Young Municipal Center

2 Woodward Ave. 

Detroit, MI 48226-3413

Phone: (313) 224-0250


Judicial Attorney: Karen Liddle   


Courtroom Clerk: Roderick Byrd
Court Reporter: Video Courtroom

(313) 224-4679 1807 CAYMC

2 Woodward Avenue
Room 1807
Detroit, MI 48226

Phone: (313) 224-4679


Courtroom Clerk: Cheryl Bascomb
Judicial Assistant: Alexander Fuller
Court Reporter: Teria Carrington 
Deputy: Keilan Nims

(313) 224-5195 1411 CAYMC

901 Coleman A. Young Municipal Center
2 Woodward Avenue, Room 1411
Detroit, MI  48226

Phone: (313) 224-5195

Hours: 8:30 am to 12:00 pm - 2:00 pm to 4:30 pm


Courtroom Clerk: Linda Woods
Secretary: Joanne Gaskin
Court Reporter: Video Courtroom
Deputy: Walter Armstrong

(313) 224-5207 1719 CAYMC

1719 Coleman A. Young Municipal Center
2 Woodward Ave., Detroit, MI 48226

Phone: (313) 224-5207


Administrative Assistant: Antoinette Maxwell (
Courtroom Clerk: Kimberly Clifton (
Court Reporter: Video Courtroom

**Instructions for Zoom Hearings/Meetings:

  1. Create a Zoom account if you have not done so already.
  2. Go to 
  3. Find Judge Gibson's name and click "Join Meeting"
  4. Re-name yourself, if possible. Phone numbers are not allowed.

If you cannot access the above link you can go to look for the red bar at the top of the page & click “Zoom Virtual Meetings” then “Civil”. Scroll down to Judge Gibson’s name then click “Join Meeting”.

For telephone access (no video) call 1-646-876-9923 then enter Meeting ID 842 876 2673. The password, if requested is “171900”.

Upon logging in you will automatically be placed in the Waiting Room. If you are not admitted within a reasonable time please email the Court Clerk (or call 313-224-5207) to notify that you are present, what case you're appearing on & if you're an attorney, for whom you are appearing.

On Fridays the Motion Call begins @ 9:45 a.m. The judge's assistant typically emails the Court's Zoom information in advance of the scheduled hearing date. When you are admitted from the Waiting Room you will immediately be invited to a Breakout Room in order to check in with the Court Clerk, then you will be returned to the Waiting Room until your matter is called.

DISPOSITIVE MOTIONS: ALL Summary Disposition motions will be scheduled for a Zoom hearing unless otherwise notified by the Court. You may email the judge's Administrative Assistant for further information.

REGULAR MOTIONS: ALL non-dispositive motions will be scheduled for a Zoom hearing. After efiling your motion please send the Court a hard [paper] copy via mail (FedEx & UPS are preferable methods). You may submit an epraecipe for any random Friday. Upon receipt of the Judge's Copy of the motion, the Court Clerk will process the praecipe, adjusting the date & time, if need be, and docket the matter before the Court. You MUST mail in a hard copy of the motion in order for the praecipe to be processed! If you do not have a praecipe that's been accepted by the Court Clerk, you DO NOT have a hearing scheduled.

(313) 224-5243 1111 CAYMC

2 Woodward Avenue
Room 1111
Detroit, MI 48226

Phone: (313) 224-5243


Courtroom Clerk: Lisa Rutledge
Law Clerk: Mary Otto
Court Reporter: Reba Hooper
Deputy: Takisha O'Bannon

(313) 224-5225 1421 CAYMC

2 Woodward Avenue,

Room 1421

Detroit, MI 48226

Phone: (313) 224-5225


Judicial Attorney: Scott Taylor  313-224-5226

Courtroom Clerk: Marciana Lawrence

Deputy: Gary Bickley

Court Reporter: Video

April 9 UPDATE  

(Additional detailed protocol on next page)

If your praecipe is accepted, please assume your motion will be heard on the record via zoom unless instructed otherwise, despite what the praecipe says about oral argument. Zoom information is below. If the court has been made aware of a full settlement in your case, Zoom appearance is not necessary.

Zoom information

***Enter the Personal Meeting ID on the Zoom App: 956 136 7105


1. Go to 

2. Find Judge Groner's name and click "Join Meeting" a few minutes before the scheduled date and time

**Phone Call (No Video) - Call 646 876 9923 and enter Meeting ID 956 136 7105

* Traditional court attire required for motion call. Please wear a jacket.

*Please remember to name yourself on Zoom.

* If you have questions and cannot reach the court telephonically, please email the court clerk at or the law clerk Scott Taylor at


*At least 3 days beforeany hearing/date on a praecipe, the MOVING PARTY MUST E-MAIL the motion, response, & any reply to Scott.Taylor The subject line must read [motion date] [case #] [title of motion].

*To order transcripts, please contact 313-224-0409

* For questions regarding adjourning settlement conferences, please call the court clerk, Ms. Marciana Lawrence.

*  You may choose any Friday for NON-MSD hearings that allows proper notice to opposing counsel.  You will be notified if the date chosen needs to be rescheduled.


·        Motion to extend summons

·        Motion for alternate service

·        Motions for Default Judgment on actions for a sum certain



-      Settlement Conferences will occur via Zoom. Attorneys on Zoom only. Clients to be available by phone.

-      No hard copies of motions unless specifically requested.

-      Please include proposed orders as Exhibits to your motions with relevant language in case motions are granted on the briefs. Be sure to submit orders awaiting signature only after the motion has been heard or upon stipulation.


§  Please E-file motion with TBD date PRIOR TO reaching out for a date with the court.

§  Please E-mail for a date.

§  Please note that the Court’s schedule is packed due to re-scheduling dates that were booked before the shutdown, everything filed during the shutdown, and all newly filed motions. We appreciate your flexibility and understanding and apologize for any inconvenience. Please plan for dates greater than 10 weeks out.


-      All jury trials are suspended through January 6, 2021

-      Final pretrial conferences will proceed as settlement conferences. Your trial documents are no longer due on this date.

-      Motions in Limine will be heard just before the time of trial. If you are filing MILs now, please be prepared to wait to have them heard.

The judge is available in the event of an emergency. In the event of an emergency, please e-mail and cc Scott.Taylor@3rdcc.orgPlease do not be overly concerned with case timelines and trial dates, as the Court will work with lawyers as needed on these matters. We understand that these are unusual circumstances.

For all other matters, please e-mail

Please be safe and take care of one another.




(313) 224-2444 1007 CAYMC

Coleman A. Young Municipal Center
2 Woodward Avenue, Room 1007
Detroit, MI 48226

Phone: (313) 224-2444


Judge Dana M. Hathaway;

PLEASE DO NOT SEND INQUIRES TO THIS EMAIL. YOU WILL NOT RECEIVE A RESPONSE.  Email is designed for Judge's copies of Dispositive motions, Reconsideration Motions, Final Pre-Trial Orders and Settlement Conference Forms ONLY;

Courtroom Clerk:  Korey Pearson;

Judicial Attorney: Lorri Cary;

Court Reporter: Video Courtroom

Wayne County Deputy: Chandra Darrisaw

(313) 224-5487 1921 CAYMC

Coleman A. Young Municipal Center, Room 1921
2 Woodward Avenue
Detroit, MI 48226

Phone: 313-224-5487



Court Clerk: Gaylynn Brooks-Williams
Judicial Attorney: Brian W. Hodgman (P76885) 
Court reporter: Video

(313) 224-5183 1507 CAYMC

2 Woodward Avenue, Room 1507
Detroit, MI 48226

Phone: 313-224-5183/313-224-5185


Court Clerk: Clara Rector
Judicial Assistant: Amy Rhoades
Court Reporter: Video
Deputy: Corporal Bobby Cook

(313) 224-2415 1401 CAYMC

2 Woodward Avenue
Room 1401 
Detroit, MI 48226

Phone Number: (313) 224-2415


Courtroom clerk: Tara Hickman 
Judicial Attorney: Klara Zierk
Court reporter: Video Courtroom
Deputy: Chris Gamino

(313) 224-2240 1011 CAYMC

Coleman A. Young Municipal Center
2 Woodward Avenue, Room 1011
Detroit, MI 48226

Phone: (313) 224-2240


Courtroom Clerk:  Rita Causey
Judicial Assistant:  Cortez Bradley
Court Reporter: Athalia Cargile

(313) 224-0142 921 CAYMC

2 Woodward Avenue
Room 921
Detroit, MI 48226

Phone: (313) 224-0142 or (313) 224-0142

Our next available motion date for non-dispositive motions is SEPTEMBER 10,  2021, at 9:00 a.m.



Courtroom Clerk: Katrina Ross
Law Clerk: LaTasha Brownlee
Court Reporter: Shelee Beard
Deputy: Ted Mixon

(313) 224-2953 913 CAYMC

913 Coleman A. Young Municipal Center
2 Woodward Ave
Detroit, MI  48226

Phone: 313-224-2953

Hours:  8:30am to 4:30pm


Court Clerk:
Court Reporter:  Video Courtroom
Deputy:  J. Cruts


October 1, 2020

As we navigate the remote operations, we will continue to update the Protocols in an attempt to make this easier and more convenient for all of us.

Our courtroom, 913, will continue to operate remotely until further notice.  The courtroom will be closed to both counsel and the public. You may contact us either by email, or when necessary, by phone.  Try to email first as it is easier for us to respond and for all of us to have a paper trail for our conversations. Please do not email the judge as doing so may constitute an ex parte communication. 

You may contact the Court Clerk ( by email on the following issues:

1. To adjourn general Motions (other than Motions for Summary Disposition).

The moving party may request adjournments for motions, other than Motions for Summary Disposition, by email with appropriate notice to all interested parties.  Only the moving party may request an adjournment.  Only two adjournments will be permitted. 

2.  To obtain the next available motion date and time.

There is no limit on the number of motions to be scheduled for any motion date.  You may contact the clerk, however, to verify a motion date if you have first checked the docket on the Court website.  The court will also hear motions on dates other than Friday when necessary or specially requested.

You may contact the Judicial Attorney by email on the following issues:

1. To request an adjournment of Oral Argument on a Motion for Summary Disposition or an Appeal to the Circuit Court.  The dates pertaining to Motions for Summary Disposition  or Appeals to the Circuit Court may only be adjourned by the moving party AND for good cause.  See additional rules governing the scheduling of Motions for Summary Disposition, below.

2. To discuss scheduled Trial Dates.

**Effective Immediately (10/20/2020), Counsel may no longer stipulate to adjourn to Track 3. Please file a motion explaining the reason(s) that dates should be adjourned. The COVID-19 Pandemic, alone, is no longer sufficient reason for an adjournment. **


MOTIONS, HEARINGS, AND CONFERENCES.  All hearings and conferences, both on and off the record, are being conducted via Zoom until further notice. Judge Popke’s Zoom waiting room can be accessed by entering Meeting ID 909 657 6738 into the Zoom app or following the link on the Court’s website. Counsel are expected to be in the Judge’s Zoom waiting room, and in compliance with all Judge Popke’s Zoom Protocols (see below), at the time of their scheduled conference or hearing. Once all attorneys for all parties are present, they will be let into Judge Popke’s virtual courtroom on a first-come, first-served basis. Attorneys who have not appeared in a case, clients, and attorneys awaiting pro-hac vice admission will not be admitted to the virtual courtroom without the express permission of the Judge.

Clients, attorneys who will not be appearing, and the public are welcome to attend hearings held on the record by viewing the Live Stream on YouTube. The Live Stream can also be accessed through the Court’s website by following the link for Zoom Virtual Meetings .


ZOOM PROTOCOLS. At any given time, Judge Popke may have between 10 and 30 individuals in her Zoom waiting room. That is why it is imperative that these Zoom Protocols are followed. ZOOM PARTICIPANTS WILL NOT BE ADMITTED TO JUDGE POPKE’S VIRTUAL COURTROOM UNLESS:

     1. Counsel is in proper court attire.

     2.  Participants have renamed themselves in their Zoom settings as follows  [Case Number, Attorney Name (Client Name)]. For example, a participant’s display name may appear as “19-012345-CB, Jane Smith (Acme LLC)”.

     3. Counsel is expected to appear with both audio and video for all hearings or conferences unless otherwise given permission to appear with audio only. Accordingly, counsel must attend Zoom hearings from a proper business location (i.e., no vehicles). Virtual backgrounds are encouraged, but not necessary, and should be professional in nature. Please review what is visible in the background of your home office or workspace and err on the side of professionalism. 

NOTE: You cannot rename yourself from the Zoom waiting room. You must exit the Zoom waiting room, access your Zoom settings in the app, rename yourself as indicated above, and then re-enter the waiting room.


DISPOSITIVE MOTIONS.  Attorneys must submit an ePraecipe along with their dispositive motion in order for it to be scheduled and heard. Please pencil in any Tuesday or Thursday date on the ePraecipe, but understand that this date will likely be changed according to the Judge’s schedule. After an ePraecipe has been filed, a Scheduling Order will be issued identifying the date by which any responses or replies are due. If you receive a hearing date that conflicts with another hearing on your schedule, you should contact the Clerk as soon as possible. Hearings for dispositive motions will only be changed for good cause if more than one week has elapsed since the Scheduling Order was issued. IF A SCHEDULING ORDER HAS NOT BEEN ISSUED, YOUR MOTION WILL NOT BE HEARD. Motion hearings scheduled for oral argument will also be listed on the judge’s Civil Docket found on the Court’s website.


JUDGE’S COPIES –After a dispositive motion is e-filed, the moving party for each motion will be responsible for gathering everything needed to provide the Judge with an Electronic Judge’s Copy. The Judge's Copy may be sent via email only if all pleadings, and exhibits to pleadings, can be attached to a single email. In most cases, Judge's Copies should be sent via DropBox or a similar file sharing application. The DropBox/File Sharing link (or single email) MUST include: (1) your motion; (2) any responses or replies to your motion; and (3) a SECOND, SEPARATE PDF that contains:

(a) Any evidence or exhibits supporting the motion or response;

(b) Significant/important or unpublished case law cited in the briefs; and

(c) A TABLE OF EXHIBITS containing global page numbers where each exhibit or cited opinion can be found. Alternatively, you can bookmark or tab the PDF of exhibits, but it should always be a separate document from the motion or response so that it can be read alongside the text of the motion.

When citing from a deposition transcript, please provide the entire transcript but highlight the language cited in your brief.

We are working remotely so please do not send binders or paper copies of motions to the courthouse. Judge's copies are no longer required for Friday motions.



MOTION CALLThere will be Oral Arguments for all  Friday motions.  It is therefore imperative that any response be timely filed or the court will assume there is no opposition to the motion. Also, please be courteous and notify the Court if your motion may be dismissed.  Also if you appear for a Motion that you did not file, please wait for that person to appear or you may give them a quick call.  Do not try to get a ruling from the Judge in that person's absence.


Please double check that you are in compliance with Judge Popke’s Zoom Protocols, above, before entering the waiting room.  Motion hearings will be live streamed on YouTube.

Please notify the Court via email if scheduling issues arise.


EMERGENCY MATTERS: Please contact Marciana for scheduling emergency matters.

MOTIONS FOR RECONSIDERATION: The Court receives no notice when a motion for reconsideration is filed unless the filing attorney communicates with the Court's staff. Accordingly, it is imperative that any party filing a motion for reconsideration email a PDF copy to Marciana. Additionally, you may file a praecipe which will alert the Court's staff that your motion has been filed (please note that the praecipe will be rejected). With very few exceptions, Judge Popke does not accept responses to motions for reconsideration and does not entertain oral argument. The Court will reach out to the parties if a response or hearing is necessary.

MARCH 16 – MAY 31, 2020

Scheduling Orders in Civil Cases: Pursuant to Chief Judge Kenny’s March 23, 2020 Order, the Scheduling Order in every case is extended 60 days from its then applicable deadlines. Please review your current deadlines with your opposing counsel to ensure you are in agreement.

Jury Trials: All jury trials currently scheduled before January 1, 2021 are adjourned until further notice. Parties will receive information regarding rescheduling the jury trial after this Court resumes full operations.

(313) 224-2427 901 CAYMC
901 Coleman A. Young Municipal Center
2 Woodward Ave
Detroit, MI  48226
Phone: 313-224-2427
Law Clerk: Angelina Dallo
Court Clerk: Kimberley DeLoach
Court Reporter: Manuwella Jones
Deputy: Tenia Fleming

The Courtroom is closed to the public. Court operations are conducted remotely via Zoom Technology
If you have a conference, motion or hearing scheduled before the Court, go to and click on the green button labeled "Join Meeting" next to Judge Smith's name.

You will enter the waiting room. Participants' display must include you name, case number and client name. If you need to change your display, you must leave the waiting room and make the change in your Zoom settings. There may be a large number of participants in the waiting room at one time and if you are not properly identified, you may not be admitted into the virtual courtroom without the proper information displayed.

If you have difficulties connecting call 313-224-2427 or email
Email is the preferred way to communicate with the Court. Please make sure you include all parties in the case on your email.
The subject line of the email should include the case name and case number. Also include the cellphone number of the contact person, in case Court staff needs to speak with the party.
Judicial Law Clerk, Angelina Dallo at
Court Clerk, Kimberley Deloach at
Courtroom email address

*If you call the courtroom, your call may not be answered due to staffing limitations. Please send an email or try your call later but do not leave a voicemail.


Conferences shall be conducted remotely via Zoom until further order of the Court. Clients do not need to appear via Zoom but must be available by telephone.

Parties may submit a stipulated order to adjourn settlement conference to attend facilitation. The settlement conference will be adjourned until a date after facilitation. Stipulated order must be filed at least one day prior to the scheduled conference date.

*The date and time for conferences may change, so parties should check the register of action to confirm the date and time for the conference.


Oral argument may be waived pursuant to MCR 2.119(E)(3). If no response is filed, the Court may assume there is no opposition to the motion and grant the relief requested.

Praecipe dates may be rescheduled to the next available date if the motion date is closed.

*If you wish to dismiss or adjourn your motion, please email the Court Clerk at Kimberley.Deloach@3rdcc.orgat least one day prior to the praecipe date.

If the Court determines that oral argument is necessary, you will receive an order with the date and time for the Zoom hearing.

You may confirm a hearing date by going to the Court Website at and click on "Zoom Virtual Meeting" in the red box then click on "Civil Division Dockets". Located under Judge Smith's name will be a list of hearing dates and time for that week. If you do not see your case name listed, contact the Court to confirm your hearing date at

*Hard copies of General Motions are not required.


After you have efiled a Motion for Summary Disposition, email a copy of the motion to the Judicial Law Clerk at A Summary Disposition Scheduling order will be issued with the hearing date and time and the dates responses and replies are due.

Once a Scheduling Order is issued, the moving party shall file a notice of hearing with the date and time listed on the scheduling order. It is not necessary to file a praecipe.

If there is a scheduling conflict, the moving party must contact the Judicial Law Clerk within 14 days of the entry of the Scheduling Order for a different hearing date. After 14 days, hearing dates will only be changed by leave of the Court upon a showing of good cause.

Parties may file a stipulated order to adjourn a hearing date. The stipulated order should be email to the Judicial Law Clerk and a new date for the hearing will be provided. The moving party shall a praecipe and notice of hearing with the new date and time of the hearing.

The week of the scheduled hearing, you may confirm the hearing by going to, click on "Virtual Meeting" in the red box then click on "Civil Division Dockets". Located under Judge Smith's name will be a list of all hearing dates and time. If you do not see your case listed, contact the Judicial Law Clerk at

If you have filed a Motion for Summary Disposition and a Scheduling Order has been issued or you have any questions regarding a Motion for Summary Disposition, contact the Judicial Law Clerk at

(313) 224-6889 1821 CAYMC

Honorable Martha M. Snow

Coleman A. Young Municipal Center
Two Woodward Avenue, Courtroom 1821 
Detroit, MI  48226

Phone: 313.224.6889

Fax: 313.237.9252


Court Clerk:  JaJuan Williams 
Judicial Attorney:  Lisa Damphousse
Court Reporter:  Video
Deputy:  Corporal Oliver Cross

State of Emergency Updates – Coronavirus Court Closure

As you are likely already aware, the Third Circuit Court is currently closed to the public.  Chief Judge Kenny has issued several statements regarding the "State of Emergency” which can be viewed on the homepage of the Court’s website at  All updates regarding the status of proceedings held at the Third Circuit Court will be posted on the website as they become available.  Please check frequently for the latest developments. 


Phone calls:  During the temporary court closure, our preferred method of communication is email. 

Case Evaluations:  All cases shall continue to participate in the Case Evaluation process during the temporary court closure.  Attorneys shall contact the Mediation Tribunal Association by emailing Lisa Timmons directly at to confirm their Case Evaluation date and to receive additional instructions on how to participate remotely.

Settlement Conferences:  Settlement Conferences will be held during the temporary court closure via phone conferences with Judge Snow.  If you have a Settlement Conference scheduled, Plaintiff’s counsel is responsible for contacting all attorneys/parties of record to organize a conference call with Judge Snow.  Settlement Conferences will be scheduled on the hour/half hour.  At the designated date/time, Plaintiff's counsel is responsible for initiating the call in to the courtroom at 313.224.6889 unless other arrangements have been agreed upon between the parties in advance.   

Notices of Hearing - for all Motions (dispositive and non-dispositive):  Until further notice, all Notices of Hearing must indicate that the hearing is being conducted via Zoom at the scheduled date and time.  Please also include the following language in your Notices of Hearing: 

    • To join the Zoom hearing, go to  Scroll down to "Hon. Martha M. Snow" and click "Join Meeting" at the scheduled date and time.

    • If you have difficulty connecting or need to call in by phone, please call 313.224.6889 for additional details.      

Non-dispositive Motions (Friday motions):  All newly filed non-dispositive motions should be scheduled for August 20th Please file your motions as usual and submit a praecipe for each motion for Friday, August 20, 2021 at 10:00 a.m.  Once accepted, you may be given a different time slot.  You will be instructed to file a Re-Notice of Hearing that includes the aforementioned Zoom language as well as your new time slot.

In the event that you no longer need to argue a motion that was previously scheduled, please have the moving party contact the clerk, JaJuan Williams, directly at regarding the same. 

Motions for Summary Disposition:  All newly filed motions for summary disposition will follow the usual course of scheduling.  You can review that process on Judge Snow's standard (non-emergency) protocol which is linked below.  Please scroll down to the bottom of these emergency updates and click on the "Court Protocol" button to access Judge Snow's standard protocol.  Please continue to mail physical Judge's copies of all motions, responses, and replies to the courthouse as usual.   

Any additional inquiries regarding motions for summary disposition may be sent directly to Lisa at lisa.damphousse@3rdcc.orgPlease copy all attorneys of record on your email in order to avoid any ex parte communications. 

In the event that you no longer need to argue a motion for summary disposition, please have the moving party contact Lisa directly at regarding the same.  Please copy all attorneys of record on your email in order to avoid any ex parte communications. 

Email addresses:      Honorable Martha M. Snow               

                                   Judicial Attorney, Lisa M. Damphousse

                                   Clerk, JaJuan Williams                       

For all other inquiries, please click below on the "Court Protocol" button which will take you to Judge Snow's standard protocol that is always in place regardless of the temporary court closure.  Thank you. 

(313) 224-2447 1101 CAYMC

Coleman A. Young Municipal Center
2 Woodward Avenue, Room 1101
Detroit, MI  48226

Phone: (313) 224-2447


Secretary: Loretta Borne
Court Clerk:  Adam Hamed
Court Reporter: Laurie Jefferson
Deputy: Ray Batts